It can boost demand for complementary offerings and provide new opportunities to create additional IP.
You need to lower barriers to entry or enlarge the pool of talent addressing a particular R&D problem.
The advantages of pooling competencies and reducing R&D costs outweigh the benefits of having exclusive rights to the knowledge produced.
A shared infrastructure will encourage innovation and interoperability with ecosystem partners.
A latent pool of knowledge could be tapped with a modicum of organization.
Reciprocal-sharing relationships will develop relationship capital with collaborators.
Pre-empting the property rights of competitors shifts the locus of competition or enhances your freedom of action.
Openness removes unnecessary friction in collaborative projects.
Keep your IP closed when:
Your end products—and particularly your crown jewels—are at stake.
Proprietary IP gives you needed leverage in cross-licensing and trading relationships.
IP rights are essential to stimulate and reward investment, particularly when investment in the next generation of technology would otherwise be underfunded.
Your technology or IP alone provides the gold standard for your industry.